Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine dedicated to the study of the eye''s structure and function, and to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting them.

Eye Care Related Treatments we offer :


A cataract is a clouding that develops in the lens of the eye. The degree of clouding & opacity differs from patient to person. This leads to blurring of vision.& loss of vision also in many cases. Cataract occurs mainly due to aging, reasons such as systemic diseases, and certain medications like steroids. It also occurs due to exposure to sunlight, X-ray & other radiations. Heredity factor also plays an important role in it. The cataractous lens is removed and replaced with a plastic lens (an intraocular lens implant) which stays in the eye permanently.

Cataract operations are usually performed using a local anesthetic and the patient is allowed to go home the same day. Recent improvements in intraocular technology now allow cataract patients to choose a multifocal lens to create a visual environment in which they are less dependent on glasses. Under some medical systems multifocal lenses cost extra. Traditional intraocular lenses are monofocal. Complications are possible after cataract surgery, including endophthalmitis, posterior capsular opacification and retinal detachment.


Glaucoma is a disorder associated with pressure in the eye, and is characterized by damage to the optic nerve, Glaucoma a leading cause of blindness in the world, especially for older people. However visual loss is preventable or stabilized with early diagnosis and treatment. There are many risk factors for glaucoma, and these must be taken into account in the management of patients with suspected or manifest glaucoma. The strongest risk factors include elevated intraocular (eye) pressure, family history of glaucoma, advanced age, and being of African-American descent. Other risk factors include cardiovascular disease (e.g., history of heart attack or stroke), diabetes mellitus (sugar diabetes), myopia (nearsightedness), high blood pressure, and migraine headache.

The main treatment for chronic glaucoma aims at reducing the pressure in your eye. Damage already caused by glaucoma cannot be reversed. Eye drops, tablets, laser and surgical operations are used to prevent or slow further damage from occurring. With any type of glaucoma periodic examinations are very important to prevent loss of vision. Because, glaucoma can irreversibly worsen without your being aware of it, your treatment may need to be changed from time to time during the periodic examination

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy is the leading cause of acquired blindness among the people under the age of 65. The great majority of this blindness can be prevented with proper examination and treatment by ophthalmologists. It is an advanced stage of the diabetic disease process in which the blood vessels in the retina are damaged and leak fluid or blood. The longer a person has diabetes, the more the risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. People with type I diabetes [diabetes since childhood] are more likely to develop diabetic retinopathy at a younger age. n early cases only regular follow-up may be necessary. More advanced cases require treatment to control the damage of diabetic retinopathy and improve sight. Laser photocoagulation involves the focusing of a powerful beam of laser light on the damaged retina to seal leaking retinal blood vessels and stop abnormal blood vessel [neovascularization] growth.


In the event of the patient presenting with very advanced diabetic retinopathy, a microsurgical procedure known as vitrectomy is recommended. Blood-filled vitreous gel of the eye is replaced with a clear solution to aid in restoring vision. Sometimes the retina may also be detached. Vitrectomy surgery is then performed to reattach the retina.


Lasik is a boon to the modern day youth, as well as those people who want to look perfect. Lasik stands for Laser Assisted Stromal In-situ Keratomileusis. It is a method of re-shaping the external surface of the cornea to correct low, moderate and high degrees of nearsightedness, astigmatism and far-sightedness. The operation is performed with the patient awake and mobile; BUT in some cases the patient is sometimes given a mild sedative (such as Valium) and anesthetic eye drops. LASIK is performed in three steps. The first step is to create a flap of corneal tissue. The second step is remodeling of the cornea underneath the flap with the laser. Finally, the flap is repositioned. Post Operation patients are usually given a course of antibiotic and anti-inflammatory eye drops. These are continued in the weeks following surgery. Patients are usually told to sleep much more and are also given a darkened pair of shields to protect their eyes from bright lights and protective goggles to prevent rubbing of the eyes when asleep and to reduce dry eyes.


Approximate Cost
Elsewhere (In $ USD)
Approximate Cost
In India (In $ USD)
Phaco & IOL Package (One Eye) $1200 $700
Glaucoma Surgery $650 - 1100 $355 - 600
Squint Correction $800 - 1100 $450 - 600
Laslk Laser for Spectracts Removal $5500 $1200

Last Updated ( Saturday, 31 July 2010 07:14 )

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